It seems every time Summer comes around, an event or even a big vacation, hence Vegas, Miami, Cabo, beaches, pool parties (Rehab, Wet Republic), and then some, make us want to be in the best shape of our lives. Anyone that sits here and says they don’t want to look good for all the above I just mentioned, you’re only kidding yourself. A lot of us bust our asses to get in shape for the above, whether it’s through strict dieting, cardio, and intense training regimens. Some might not be as extreme as others and some might just do enough to get by in their bikinis and board shorts, whatever floats your boat. Then there’s those who completely panic with a few weeks left to get in shape and they realize, “if I only just started cleaning up my diet a month ago or started doing cardio earlier.” These folks tend to want a magic pill to get them their desired results in a small amount of time and with the tiniest amount of effort. So what do these folks do? Besides an astronomical amount of cardio & dramatic low carbing (cut out all sources of carbohydrates from their diets), they turn to fat burners! Yes, the hypothetical magic pill…Fat burners. In this article I will explain what body fat is, types of body fat, how body fat is burned, what fat burners are and do, and if there are any type of efficacy to them. Before Acidaburn you continue, hang in there with me on some of the technical terminology and science, I’m only trying to educate you and bring you the best information possible. Muchas gracias!
What in the world is a fat burner and what do they do? These days, fat burners are a generic term for products that are designed to help you re-compose your body composition, more muscle, less fat. Different mechanisms that fall under fat burners are: Thermogenic enhancers, carb blockers, fat blockers, estrogen blockers, thyroid hormone increasers, appetite suppressants, cortisol blockers all aimed at the same thing, increase body’s ability to burn energy or park energy in right spot, in muscle, not fat. Most of these products contain caffeine and/or adrenergic analogues. Adrenergic compounds stimulate β-receptors, thereby activating cyclic AMP, while also inhibiting the α-receptors (1). This is good because if we stimulate β-receptors and inhibit (block) α-receptors then this leads to fat breakdown, great! So, there are a lot of different types of fat burners on the market and mechanisms, but at the end of the day they are all going to promise you the same thing and that is to shift stored fat into energy thus leading to fat burn.
What is body fat? Most people think they know about body fat; I’m here to tell you that isn’t the case and please don’t insinuate that I know it all either, because nobody will never know it all in this field. I just want to make sure we are all on the same page here.
The more technical term for body fat is adipose tissue, with individual cells being called adipocytes (‘adipo’ = fat; ‘cyte’ = cell). In humans, the primary type of fat cell is called white adipose tissue, or WAT, so named because of its color (it’s actually sort of a milky yellow). WAT in humans is composed primarily (anywhere from 80 to 95%) of lipid. By lipid I mean stored triglycerides (stored fatty acids in fat cells) (2)